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                                                                ANATOLIA   :

In this page ; You will see approximately  15.000 years of Anatolian’s History of Science and Anatolian Scientists who developed science regardless of religion, language, race and time in Anatolia .


ARATUS (345-215 BC Mersin -Turkey)

He was a didactic poet. His major extant work is his hexameter poem Phenomena , the first half of which is a verse setting of a lost work of the same name by Eudoxus of Cnidus. It describes the constellations and other celestial phenomena. The second half is called the Diosemeia and is chiefly about weather lore . 

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STRABO (64 or 63 BC –c.AD 24-Amasya-Turkey ) was sa Greek geographer ,philosopher and historian who lived in Asia minor ( Amasya ) during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire . For more information 

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ANAXIMENDER (c. 610 – c. 546 BC-Milet-Turkey)as a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher .  He belonged to the Milesian school and learned the teaching of his master THALES . For more information :  

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Democritus (c.460-c.370BCE / Trakya -Turkey) was an Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered today his formulation of an Atomic Theory of the Universe . For more information 

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Apollonius of Pergaeus (Late 3rd – early 2nd centuries BC- Perge - Antalya /Turkey)was a Greek geometer and astronomer known for his theories on the topic of conic sections .His definitions of the terms elipse , parabola and hyperbola are the ones in use today . For more information : 

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Hippocrates ( 460 – c. 370 BC / Kos Island ) was a Greek physician who is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine . He is often referred to as the " Father of Medicine". For more information

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Theophrastus  ( c. 371 – c. 287 BC-Midilli (Lesbos) )  is often considered the father of botany for his works on plants.His two surviving botanical works, Enquiry into Plants (Historia Plantarum) and On the Causes of Plants, were an important influence on Renaissance science . For more information : 

Diogenes ( c.412 - C323BC-Sinop -Turkey), also known as Diogenes the Cynic , was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy. He was born in Sinope, an Ionian colony on the Black Sea.For more information : 

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Ali Qushji (1403 – 16 December 1474 -Istanbul-Turkey), was an astronomer , mathematician and physicist originally from Samarkand who settled in the Ottoman Empire. He composed "risalah dar hay’at" in Persian for Mehmet II . As a disciple of Ulugh Beg , he is best known for the development of astronomical physics independent from natural philosophy . For  more information : 

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Leucippus( 5th cent. BCE-Milet -Aydın-Turkey) is reported in some ancient sources to have been a philosopher who was the earliest Greek to develop the theory of atomism. Leucippus often appears as the master to his pupil Democritus, a philosopher also touted as the originator of the atomic theory . For more information :  


Akshamsaddin (1389, Damascus – 1459 Bolu-Turkey), was an influential Ottoman religious scholar, poet, and mystic saint. He was an influential tutor and adviser to Emperor Mehmed the Conqueror. For more information 

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Eudoxus of Cnidus, (c. 395–337 BCE, Cnidus-Turkey] mathematician and astronomer who substantially advanced proportion theory, contributed to the identification of constellations and thus to the development of observational astronomy in the Greek world.He established the first sophisticated, geometrical model of celestial motion.For more information : 


Pythagoras (c. 570 – c. 495 BC-Kos Island ) was an ancient Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of Pythagoreanism. He influenced the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and, through them, Western philosophy . For more information :  

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 Herodotus( c. 484 – c. 425 BC-Bodrum -Turkey) was an ancient Greek historian . He is known for having written the book The Histories , a detailed record of his "inquiry" on the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars. He is widely considered to have been the first writer to have treated historical subjects using a method of systematic investigation.For more information 

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Hipparchus of Nicaea ( c. 190 – c. 120 bc/Iznik-Turkey) was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician. He is considered the founder of trigonometry but is most famous for his incidental discovery of precession of the equinoxes.He developed trigonometry and constructed trigonometric tables, and he solved several problems of spherical trigonometry. 


Lagâri Hasan Çelebi (Istanbul-Turkey )was an Ottoman aviator who, according to the account written by traveller Evliya Çelebi, made a successful manned rocket flight.For more information 
Hezârfen Ahmed Çelebi (Istanbul-Turkey ) was a legendary Ottoman aviator of  Istanbul , reported in the writings of traveler Evliya Çelebi to have achieved sustained unpowered flight.

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Aristarchus of Samos (c. 310 – c. 230 BC-Samos Island) was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known heliocentric model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. For more information 

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Thales of Miletus (c. 624/623 – c. 548/545 BC-Milet -Turkey) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer and pre-Socratic philosopher from Miletus in Ionia, Asia Minor. He was one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Many, most notably Aristotle, regarded him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition and he is otherwise historically recognized as the first individual in Western civilization known to have entertained and engaged in scientific philosophy.For more information : 

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Al -Jazari : (1136–1206 / Cizre -Turkey ) was a Muslim  polymath: a scholar , inventor , mechanical engineer ,artisan,artist and mathmatician.   He is best known for writing The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices  in 1206, where he described 100 mechanical devices, some 80 of which are trick vessels of various kinds, along with instructions on how to construct them .For more information: 

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Heraclitus ( c. 535 – c. 475 BC-Efes-Turkey)was a pre-Socratic Ionian Greek philosopher, is the first Western philosopher to go beyond physical theory in search of metaphysical foundations and moral applications.For more information :

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